Урок английского языка Книги прошлоенастоящеебудущее
МКОУ «Хомутовская СОШ с углубленным изучением английского языка»
BOOKS: PRESENT, PAST, FUTURE.
7 класс (углубленное изучение )
УМК Афанасьевой О.В., Михеевой И.В. — 7 (углублённое изучение английского языка)
ПЛАН – КОНСПЕКТ УРОКА
The Aims: 1.to master the students’ communicative skills (listening, monologue and dialogic speech);
2. forming of social and cultural knowledge;
3. to generalize the studied material;
Teacher (T): Today we are going to speak about one of the most wonderful things in the world. Well, try to guess what it is! It has no mouth but speaks. It is not a tree but it has leaves. It is not alive but it can be a good friend….Right! It is a book!
A wise man said,” Life without books is as a tree without leaves”. How can we understand this quotation?
Pupil 1(P1): I think life without books looks as poor and unhappy as a tree without leaves.
Pupil2 (2): I’m sure that if we don’t have books in our life, it will be as boring and gloomy as trees in autumn.
T: I agree with you. Now let us grow our” book tree”.
(Учащиеся называют слова, обозначающие литературные жанры и на экране появляются названия жанров.)
Vocabulary list: autobiography, biography, adventure story, detective story, fairy tale, fantasy, historical story, (novel), horror story, humorous story, ghost story, love story, a legend, a myth, fiction, science fiction, travel story, true (life) story, poetry, a dictionary, an encyclopedia, a reference book, a textbook.
T: What kind of stories do you like most ? I am fond of fantasies, and one of my favourite books is” The Lord of the Rings”. And you?
P3: Actually, I am fond of fantasies too, and also I enjoy legends. I like legends about Robin Hood most of all, they are cool and funny. Etc.
T: Now, look at the screen! Find the appropriate name for each type of books to fit the definition. Try to think of a well-known example of each.
…..is a long written story, not in poetry, usually about invented people and events. ( a novel)
…. an old story about great events and people in ancient times, which may not be true.( a myth)
…is a book that tells a story that’s not true , but which happens in a definite time in the past and mentions real people and events from that time.( a historical novel)
…is a short story that teaches a lesson, a story in which animals or objects speak. (a fable)
…Is a story about fairies and other magical people which always ends happily. (a fairy tale)
…is an untrue story ( a story about imaginary people and events).(fiction)
…is a story of love , adventure and mystery.(adventure)
…is a story in which frightening and often unnatural things happen. ( a horror story)
….is a book or play that tells a very excited story especially of crime and violence. ( a thriller )
T: Give your own definition for the following types of books:
a) Reference books are books about ….
c) Non-fiction books
1) hobbies, crafts, plants, animals, rocks and weather;
2) facts about almost anything and everything;
3) another person’s life;
4) American frontier of the 19th century;
5) words of a language with the information about their meaning, pronunciation, etc.
T: Now, let’s have a guessing game. Listen to the beginnings of different kinds of stories and try to guess what story it is, and why you think so.
It was a dark and foggy night. We drove and drove. At midnight , just as we thought we were lost, we saw a light behind some trees. As we got nearer, we could see a house. It looked deserted, abandoned. We knocked at the heavy , wooden door. It opened slowly. A tall man, dressed entirely in black stood there.” Good evening “, he said in a slow, deep voice. “ I’ve been expecting you.”
We were travelling through deep space at the speed of light. Suddenly , the spaceship slowed down and immediately the system came into view. A bright star with twenty or more planets. One of these would be our new home, five light years from our own galaxy.(science fiction)
One of my earliest memories is of my father running along the beach with our dog, Tess. I must have been about three years old. I remember the dog jumping up on me and knocking me over into the water.(true story)
The man lay on the ground next to a white van. There was no doubt. He was dead. I quickly looked in the pockets of his jacket- some money, a handkerchief and a theatre ticket with a Chicago phone number written on it. Three murders in three weeks and the victims al killed in the same way. (a detective story)
Once upon a time, a long, long time ago, there lived a beautiful princess. She was an only child and her father and mother, the king and queen, loved her very much. One day an old woman came to the castle. When she saw the princess, she smiled and laughed in a strange and horrible way. (a fairy tale)
(Pupils look at the book tree as they listen to the tape. When checking pupils ‘ answers , there may be disagreement, then encourage the pupils to argue their point of view.)
T: I see you know the types of books quite well, but I’d like to know if you had read some famous books. Look at the screen, read the extracts and match them with their titles.
“The prince began to take off his fine clothes, and Tom took off his old clothes and put on the clothes of the prince. Tom looked at the prince as he stood there dressed in Tom’s clothes. He had seen someone very like him before. Where has he seen him? “Come and look at us in the glass!”cried the prince. They were just like each other.”(The Prince and the Pauper “by M. Twain)
“I had slept for many hours. When I awoke it was just daylight. I tried to get up from the ground, but I could not move! My arms and feet were held down to the ground with strings. I heard some noise around me, but I could see nothing. In a little time I felt something alive moving on my foot, then it came over my body and up to my face. Turning my eyes down as much as I could, I saw a man. He was less than 15 centimeters high”.(“Gulliver’s Travels “by Jonathan Swift)
“Alice and her big sister were sitting on the grass. Her sister was reading a book, but Alice had nothing to read…She was too sleepy…Just then , a white rabbit ran by, very near to her. That does not happen every day, but Alice did not wonder about it. But she did wonder when the rabbit took a watch out of its pocket and looked at it.(“Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland” by Lewis Carroll).
“At 7 o’clock on a hot evening in the Seeonee hills, Father Wolf woke up. There was a little animal at the mouth of the cave. It was Tabaqui, the jackal. The wolves of India don’t like Tabaqui. He makes trouble now.”Shere Khan, the Big One, has changed his hunting grounds,” Tabaqui said.” (“The Jungle Book” by Rudyard Kipling.)
“There were 150 places at the table. Each knight had his name written in his place. There were one hundred and twenty –eight knights at the table. As time went on other brave and good knights came, and King Athur gave them places. One place was not filled for a longtime. That place was for a knight who had never done any bad thing to anybody. It was called the “Seat Perilous: if a bad man sat in it, he would die. After many years Sir Galahad came and was given that place.”(“King Arthur and the Knights of the round Table.”)
T: Well, we have described different types of books and now I suggest that you describe authors. Say how you can characterize authors.
Pupils: Authors can be good, interesting, great, famous, well-known, talented, medieval, eighteenth century, ancient, modern, classical.
T: So, look at the list of these famous authors and say some words about them.
A. A. Milne
T: How can we characterize good books?
P: Good books can be:
easy to read
T: Match these Russian words and word combinations with the English adjectives from the vocabulary list above
оставляющая сильное впечатление
T: I’m sure each of you has a favourite book. Please tell us about it.
P1: I am fond of adventure stories and historical novels. My favourite book is “Three Musketeers” by A. Dumas . He is a famous French classic who lived in the 18 century. This book is a classic .It is very interesting, fascinating, exciting, entertaining and easy to read. The book is in one volume, with an interesting design and coloured illustrations. “Three Musketeers” is an expensive edition in hardcover. The book describes the events which took place in the 18 th century in France at the court of the king Liudovic 14th. The main character of the book is D’Artanyan .Other characters are: Miledy, Atos, Portos, Aramis and others. The book is worth reading. The language of the book is expressive, the style is unforgettable. I couldn’t put it down until I’m finished. I can read it twice . It’s the real thing and I would recommend it to everyone.
P2: I prefer to read fairy tales. My favourite book is “The Chronicles of Narnia.” This book is written by an English 20th century writer C.S. Lewis. It describes the adventures of two brothers and two sisters in an imaginary country. One of the main characters is a Great Lion who lives in this country and can do magic. At first the action takes place in England in 1940s or 1950s, I think. And in the beginning the author describes the children and explains how they get to the magic country. From the book we learn that true love and friendship can do miracles. I’m sure that the book is worth reading and I would recommend it to anyone.
T: It’s great that all of you like reading but have you ever thought about the kind of books people used long ago?
P1 : I know that many, many years ago a town crier ran through the streets and shouted out all the news. It is only in the last 500 years that books have been printed on paper. Before that time the only way of making books was to write them out by hand. No one knows when writing first began, but we have found drawings on the walls of caves and scratching on bones which are at least 25.000 years old.
P2: And I know from my History lessons that the earliest books were written on tablets of wood or pieces of bark. In Greece and Rome, the tablets of wood were covered with wax, and writing was impressive upon them with a small stick called “ stylus.” These tablets were held together on one side with thin strips of leather or metal rings.
P3: I’d like to add that in Assiria and Babylonia clay tablets were used for writing and the words were drawn with a piece of wood. After baking, the tablets were kept on shelves, just like books are kept today. Although the clay tablets didn’t look very beautiful, they were long-lasting and some of them survived until the present day.
P4: The earliest books of the ancient world were written on papyrus and skins of young animals. These books took the form of a long strip, rolled from one cylinder to another. These writings were known to the Romans as volumen from which comes the word volume.
T: and do you know that though paper has been known in China since the first century , the secret of papermaking came to Europe much later. Books were quite common in ancient Rome: we know that there were many booksellers and the first public library was founded there about 39 B. C.
By the way do you happen to know where and when was printing invented?
P: The first people to invent printing were the Chinese. In Europe there were several people who can be called inventors of printing. The best known is Johann Gutenberg from Germany.
T: what about other European countries?
P: The first printing press in England was set up by William Caxton at Westminster n 1476, and the first printing press in Russia -by Ivan Fedorov in Moscow in 1564.
T: Let’s imagine a situation when people from different epochs meet together and discuss the problem of books. Let’s role-play such a situation.( all the pupils are given the badges with the names of professions: A mediaeval scholar( monk) (M), a writer from the 23d century (Wr), JD Rowling (JR), а teacher of Literature(TL), a journalist from “the Mirror” (J), a student (S), a historian (H), a librarian (L), a very absent-minded scientist (SC).
SC: Hallo, ladies and gentlemen! …Oh, you look so strange…and how you managed to get into my lab, I wonder…,it’s my time-machine!
TL: Well, and who are you? And what do you mean saying” your lab”?
SC: Oh, let me introduce myself. I’m Alex, an inventor. We are testing our time-machine and somehow it has brought you here. But don’t worry . We’ll repair it very quickly. My assistant will do the work and I suggest you have tea and talk. Will you introduce yourself?
( All the pupils tell their imaginary names , and some information about their occupation. Then tea is served.)
H: All of us deal with the world of books and writing and somehow managed to meet here . But it’ a lucky coincidence! Well, I’ve always been interested in how books were created in the past. Brother Artemius, can you tell us anything ?
M: Well, it’s well –known , I suppose, that in my time books are written by hand. It takes a very long time to write a whole book with a pen. As the work is very slow, very often several brothers are needed to copy a book. Such people must be very attentive, hard-working and careful. We work with candle-light, so a lot of people have problems with eyesight.
J: And what are your books about?
M: Well, we have books about Saints, Herbs and Minerals, written records of historical events, Astrology and Legends.
L: Wonderful! But I suppose books are very expensive , aren’t they?
M: You’re absolutely right! Only very rich Lords, Monasteries and Universities can afford to have books.
TL: And what about ordinary people?
M: Most people are illiterate, they can neither read nor write, so don’t need books.
S: But how do they get news? Information is power.
M: Oh, it’s very simple! If the news is very important, a town crier runs through the streets and shouts out all the news. But usually people get it in town or village inn when they discuss daily affairs and have something to drink.
J: And what material are books made of?
H: Let me answer the question, and brother Artemius will check if I’m right.
M, J : O.K.!
H: The very first books were carved on stones and often pictures with some sort of information were painted o the walls of caves. Then books were made of papyrus, invented in Egypt, clay, tree bark, and animal skin. Books made of papyrus were called “rolls”. Books made of animal skins were rather big and heavy.
M: Absolutely right! We need a special support or a stand to read them.
H: But they were perfectly written and decorated with beautiful pictures miniatures.
JR: And then some clever people from China invented paper! All educated people were happy! And when printing was invented , books became cheaper, so many people could have books to read and study, right?
WR.: How very strange! Paper, animal skins…can’t imagine!
JR : Are books in your time different?
WR: In my time we don’t have books. I mean heavy things made of plastic or paper. We don’t need to write books by hand or with the help of a typewriter. We have computers. Their sounds and images make you feel that you’re in a real situation . So a writer just link his brain with a computer and begins to imagine scenes, characters and situations. And the computer creates pictures and memorises everything.
L: And what does a person do if he wants to read a book?
WR: Well, this person just downloads a necessary file to this computer and links directly to it: and he can find himself “inside” the book he has chosen.
S : Great! It’s the same as in computer games!
WR : It’s even better! If you’re a real fan, you may join a writer while he is creating a new book.
J: And what books are popular?
WR: Well, about the Middle Ages(18-21 centuries) , space operas and some romantic novels about knights’n’ dragons.
M: I can hardly understand what you’re talking about. I think it is some sort of magic!
J: No, not at all! It’s science. And as for magic, we have a real specialist in it, a person who writes books about magic Joan, why did you decide to write such a book?
JR: Well, I think our life is a bit grey and lacks bright events and emotions. And also if you are very attentive , you can find strange and unusual thing everywhere. I’ve just shown them to people.
TL: What do your books teach people?
JR: I think they teach them to be real friends, honest, kind, brave and clever. They teach us to understand people, to help them in difficult situations, to fight with evil to feel responsibility for somebody or something. Well…maybe something else, it’s up to readers to decide.
S: I’m very interested in the motto of Hogwarts. What does it mean: “Draco dormiens numquam titallandus”?
JR : Ha-ha! It’s a secret! You should study more!
S: Oh! U-u-u…
H: I’ll let this cat out of the bag. It means “Don’t wake a sleeping dragon up”.
S: Oh, thanks a lot! Joan, what progress are you making with your new book?
JR: I have already finished the 8th book about Harry Potter and his friends and I hope to write the last book in 2010.
J: What does the success of a book depend on?
JR: Well, it’s difficult to say, but I think the writer should be sincere, honest and create a book with all his heart. And I think we’d better ask Mr. Gordon about it.
L: I should say today the situation with editing and publishing books is quite problematic, as people prefer watching TV and video and play computer games , so they begin to read less. In the 20th century people used books to get information , to think over them, to relax; but today people prefer to use the net. But in spite of all this, people go on reading books. And if each person finds something for himself in a book, this book will be popular with the reading public.
TL: What do you consider the aim of books is?
L: I’m sure the aim is to help people solve problems of life, teach good things, help in self- education as books are the source of knowledge.
SC: What do you think about people’s likes and dislikes in reading?
L: Unfortunately many people prefer light reading to serious one, and it makes people a bit stupid, I think.
TL: I absolutely agree with you! My students prefer to read sth easy , which doesn’t make them think. They certainly read books from their school programme, but not because they like them or find sth for themselves , but because they have to.
S: Oh, that’s not fair! We also read some serious, philosophical books by modern writers like Paulo Coelho and some others. But don’t you think that classics are a bit boring and out-of-date, you see the style of life is absolutely different, and it’s very difficult to understand the feelings, emotions, behavior and motivation of people who lived in the 16th -19th centuries.
TL: I’m sure some ideas and concepts are universal for any time and any model of society. So, what books do you think should be included in the school programme?
S: Well, I think there are some excellent examples of fantasy, science fiction and maybe some detectives, I mean authors like J.R.R. Tolkien, C.S. Lewis, A Azimov, etc.
(then the telephone rings and interrupts the conversation. Everybody listens. Alex, the inventor, answers the phone.)
SC : Oh, dear colleagues , My assistant says that we have had our time –machine repaired and we are ready to send you home now.
L: Oh, how I wish we will meet again!
SC: Why not? Hope is the last to die . I promise to improve my machine and find you. Then we’ll have a nice cup of tea and talk. But now it’s time for you to leave for your time. Good luck, friends!
T: Now you will listen to what different people think about the future of books , but before listening look at some words you’ll hear . There are also their definitions some of them are mixed. Find and match them properly.
A . have the ability or right to enter or use
provide (somebody with something)
B. a feeling of being unsure
C.take the place of something or somebody
D.belonging to the present time
E.see or describe the future
G.continue to be unchanged
H.connected with the computer network
T: Listen to these opinions (New Millenium,10 Form, Unit 8, p.122)
T: Now tick the correct column.
Paper books will always exist
Books and computers will coexist
Computers will replace books
T: Tick the arguments each speaker used
Computers allow us to access the latest information really quickly.
It’s much easier to edit and print documents using a PC.
Interaction with the world is a great advantage of a computer.
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