тест 1 АЭУ 2 курс 2 сем


2 nd Year 4th Term

Introduction to Nuclear Engineering

Module Test 1

Variant 2

Subtest 1. Choose the correct variant of translating the underlined words

There are two ways of developing a fission reaction .

развивать

развития

развивающий

Uncontrollable chain reaction is used for producing atomic explosions.

для образования

образующий

образовывать

Neutrons are absorbed by boron or cadmium.

поглощаются

поглощающий

поглощение

The heat is removed from the core to the heat exchanger.

отводится

отведение

отводить

Cadmium rods inserted into the pile absorb neutrons readily.

вставляющий

вставленные

вставлять

For increasing the reactor power the operator increases k.

для увеличения

увеличивать

увеличивающийся

Reactor is necessary for releasing nuclear energy in usable amounts.

выделять

для выделения

выделяющий

Measuring of radioactivity is performed by Geiger counters.

измерять

измеряющий

измерение

Neutrons produced in a fission are called a generation.

образовать

образованные

образующие

A nuclear reactor is used for maintaining chain reaction.

поддерживать

поддерживающий

поддержания

Scientists discovered nuclear energy by splitting uranium nuclei. .

расщепление

расщеплять

путем расщепления

A reactor is started up by inserting the rods into the core.

помещая

впомещающий

помещение

The fuel is in the form of rods arranged in assemblies.

собирать

собранных

собирающий

The rods filled with uranium are clad with metal.

заполненные

заполняющий

заполнение

Neutrons emitted by nuclei induce new fissions.

излучать

излучение

излучаемые

Subtest 2. Write out the words to complete the text. The first letters are given.

To produce energy we 1) e_______ a fission chain reaction in uranium. When uranium nuclei undergo fission, neutrons are 2) e_________. The ratio of the number of neutrons in one 3) g_________ to the number of neutrons in the 4) p_______ one is called the 5) m__________ factor (k). The reaction is effective if it is not less than 6) u_______. To 7) d_______ the reaction we can either 8) i______ U 235 9) c________ or 10) s_____ ____ neutrons. 11) C_______ reaction is 12) p________ in a nuclear reactor. The heart of the reactor is the 13) c____ where nuclear 14) f_____ is placed. To control the reaction an operator 15) a_____ the 16) v______ of k using cadmium and boron 17) r______. During the reactor operation a lot of 18) h___ is produced. It is absorbed by a 19) c______ which is either gas or 20) l__________ and removed.

3. Choose the correct variant to complete the sentences

To control the fission reaction in a rector k … .

is varried

is increased

is maintained at 1

The … is around the pressure vessel.

coolant

biological shielding

moderator

Heat from the core is taken to the … .

turbine

coolant

heat exchanger

… is used to protect the personnel.

concrete

cadmium

boron

The experiment with the first reactor was made on the …

stadium

swimmimg pool

football ground

The first nuclear reactor was set up by. … .

I. Kurchatov

E. Fermi

R. Oppenheimer

Natural uranium is … .

U238

U235

a mixture

… is used as a moderator.

lead

graphite

concrete

If k is greater than 1, the reaction is called … .

subcritical

critical

supercritical

Uranium … is incresing the U235 content in uranium.

enrichment

reaction

explosion

Fission chain reaction with a low content of U235 is induced by … neutrons.

fast

slow

secondary

Secondary neutrons are called … neutrons.

produced

emitted

fission

The number of fissioning nuclei increases … .

in stages

in an avalanche way

successively

k depends on … .

the number of nuclei

the number of fissions

the type of the reaction

The purpose of the first reactor was … .

to produce energy

to prove the theory

tto moderate fast neutrons

Answers to Module Test 1 (Variant 2) (Introduction to Nuclear Engineering)

Subtest 1 Subtest 2 Subtest 3

1.b 1.establish 1.a

2.a 2.ejected 2.b

3.a 3.generation 3.c

4.a 4.preceding 4.a

5.b 5.multiplication 5.c

6.a 6.unity 6.b

7.b 7.develop 7.c

8.c 8.increase 8.b

9.b 9.content 9.c

10.c 10.slow down 10.a

11.с 11.controllable 11.a

12.c 12.proceeded 12.c

13.b 13.core 13.b

14.a 14.fuel 14.b

15.c 15.adjusts 15.b

16.value

17.rods

18.heat

19.coolant

20.liquid






See also:
Яндекс.Метрика