самостоятельная работа 6 класс к учебнику Spotlight 6

Nikolay Vasilyevich Gogol (1809-1852)

Nikolay Vasilyevich Gogol is great Russian novelist, dramatist, best-known for his novel «Dead Souls».

Gogol was born in the Ukrainian village. His father Vasily Gogol-Yanovsky _______(write) poetry in Ukrainian and Russian. He ________(die) when Gogol ______(be) 15 years old.

In 1820 Gogol ________ (go) to a school of higher art in Nizhyn and _____________(remain)1there until 1828. It ________(be) there that he ________(begin) writing. He ____________(be\not) popular among2 his schoolmates, who _______(call) him their «mysterious dwarf3«, but with two or three of them he __________(form) lasting4 friendships.

In 1828, on leaving school, Gogol ________(come) to St Petersburg. Between 1832 and 1836 Gogol _________(work)with great energy. From 1836 to 1848 Gogol ________(live) abroad, travelling through Germany and Switzerland. Gogol _________(spend) the winter of 1836–1837 in Paris. He eventually _____________(settle)5 in Rome.

For much of the twelve years from 1836 Gogol _________(be) in Italy. He ____________(study) art, __________(read) Italian literature and __________(develop)6 a passion for opera. In 1841 the first part of Dead Souls ________(be) ready, and Gogol ________ (take) it to Russia to supervise7 its printing. It ___________(appear)8 in Moscow in 1842 under the title «The Adventures of Chichikov».

On the night of 24 February 1852, he __________(burn) some of his manuscripts, which contained most of the second part of Dead Souls. He ____________(explain) this as a mistake, a practical joke played on him by the Devil. Soon thereafter he __________(take)to his bed9, ________________(refuse)10 all food, and __________(die) in great pain nine days later.

Gogol’s grave is at the Novodevichy Cemetery. Gogol was buried11 at the Danilov Monastery. In 1931 Moscow authorities ___________(deide) to demolish12 the monastery and to transfer his remains13 to the Novodevichy Cemetery.

Useful vocabulary:

to remain [rɪ’meɪn] – оставаться, пребывать

among [ə’mʌŋ] – между, среди

dwarf [dwɔːf] – гном

lasting [‘lɑːstɪŋ] – длительный, постоянный

settle [‘setl] – поселиться, обосноваться

develop [dɪ’veləp] – развивать, совершенствовать

supervise [‘s(j)uːpəvaɪz] –наблюдать

appear [ə’pɪə] – появляться

to take to one’s bed — слечь в постель

refuse [rɪ’fjuːz] – отказаться

bury [‘berɪ] – хоронить

demolish [dɪ’mɔlɪʃ] – разрушить, уничтожить, сносить

remains [rɪ’meɪnz] — останки

See also: