Экзаменационный материал для проведения устной части экзамена в 9кл по УМКОВАфанасьевой


Экзаменационный материал для проведения устной части экзамена по английскому языку в 9 кл.

(по учебнику О.В.Афанасьевой и И.В.Михеевой.издрофа.2009г.)

Пояснительная записка

Устная часть экзамена в 9х классах проводится в один этап.

Билет включает два задания: 1.Монологическое высказывание на заданную тему с опорой на вопросы. 2. Описание сходства и различия двух фотографий или картинок по заданной стратегии в рамках запланированной тематики общения

Темы для устного высказывания. 9 класс

Телевидение/ Mass Media – Television

Печатные издания: книги, журналы, газеты/ The Printed Page – Books, Magazines, Newspapers.

Наука и технология/ Science and Technology.

Проблемы подростков/ Teenagers (their life and problems).

Выбор карьеры./ Your future life and career.

Объем устного высказывания не менее 20 предложений. Обязательное употребление пройденной лексики и грамматических структур.

Speaking. PHOTO DESCRIPTION

В экзаменационном задании «Описание картинок » вам, возможно, будет предложено описать одну фотографию или сходство и различия двух. В первом случае, вы должны будете говорить на тему сюжета в течении 2-3 минут без перерыва, возможно , затем вам будут задано несколько вопросов. Помните, что ваша задача не столько детальное описание картинки, сколько отражение ситуации и проблемы показанной на ней. Описывая картинку, следует помнить три основных вопроса на которые ваше описание должно быть ответом — Кто изображен на картинке? Где они? Что они делают? Вам следует развивать описание путем добавления информации об общей атмосфере на картинке, размышляя об отношения между людьми и их чувствах. Иногда вам необходимо будет высказать свое мнение об изображенном сюжете.

Когда вы будете описывать различия и сходства картинок помните, что вам необходимо выполнить две задачи: описать картинки, затем говорить сначала о различиях, а потом о сходстве ситуаций изображенных на них. Таким образом, должна существовать общая тема, которая связывает эти картинки. Ваша задача лишь найти ее и отразить.

Exam Strategies:

Внимательно прочтите инструкцию, чтобы точно знать о чем следует говорить, выполняя данное задание;

Используйте Настоящее Продолженное время при описании ситуаций на картинках;

Не стремитесь описывать мелкие детали, сосредоточьтесь, в основном, на ситуации и не забудьте отразить проблему;

Если вы сразу затрудняетесь подобрать слова, начните с описания собственных чувств, касающихся проблемы отраженной на картинке;

Если вашей задачей является описание сходства и различий, не сосредотачивайтесь слишком много времени на одной картинке;

Помните, что вы должны включить в свое описание всю требующуюся в задании информацию;

Если вас попросят выразить свое мнение, иллюстрируйте ваши высказывания примерами и объясняйте свою точку зрения.

Describing the picture

The picture shows…

In this picture I can see…

There is…in this picture…

On the right there are…

In the left hand corner…

In the foreground, there is…

There are… in the background.

In the bottom part of the picture there is…

There are … in the top part of the picture.

The people in the picture are…

The people in the picture look happy because…

The people in the picture seem sad because…

The general atmosphere in the picture is positive because…

The picture was taken in…

The weather in the picture is…

The atmosphere in the picture is depressing because…

Speculating about the situation

It may be…

They could be…

Perhaps…

It is probably…

Another idea is that…

It is also possible that…

It seems to me that the people in the picture…

I get the impression that the people are not very happy here…

They don’t seem to enjoying themselves…

Expressing your opinion

I think that…

It’s quite obvious that…

The situation in the picture is unusual because…

I don’t think this situation is very common, because…

In my opinion…

It seems to me that…

On the one hand/ On the other hand…

All in all,…

I wouldn’t feel comfortable in this situation…

I would love to be there!

Personally, I’d prefer…

I’d rather…

Comparing and Contrasting

Both photos show…

In both pictures the people are…

One similarity is that…

What both these pictures have in common is…

However, there are also some differences between the pictures.

The picture on the left is more… than the other one…

The situation shown in Picture A is more… than the situation in Picture B.

The people in the first picture are less… than the people in the other one.

This man looks…while the other one is rather…

The main difference is (that)…

Another important difference is that…

In contrast…

Television

Can you imagine (представлять) your life without television? Most of Russian families watch it but some families have the television turned on (включенный) most of the time, even when they have meals or receive visitors (принимать гостей). They can watch anything that is on including (включая) trash. They fall asleep to television and turn the TV set on first thing in the morning. These people get so addicted (пристраститься) to television that they feel depressed when their TV sets break down. Unfortunately this kind of abnormality [ˌæbnɔː’mælɪtɪ] ( разновидность аномалии) is spreading fast. Yet, in most families television is turned on for two or three hours a day. TV programmes nowadays cater for ( обслуживать) any age and any taste. Man traditionally watch sports programmes and never fail to see (всегда посмотрят) important football matches.If they want to watch a film, they choose a comedy, a thriller or a crime film. Women may watch serials, comic serials, pop-music concerts, lyrical comedies and melodramas. Both men and women watch the news, talk shows and quizzes (викторины). Those who have more developed tastes (развитый вкус) listen to classical music, watch plays and straight (фильм на прямолинейном фильмовом канале) or serious films. Some people prefer science programmes, political broadcasts (трансляции) and documentaries.

Young people never miss a good musical programmes or a popular comic series. Children watch cartoons, children’s educational programmes and kids’ bedtime stories.

Lately television has been criticized for being a threat ( угроза) to the society’s moral standards as it shows too much violence. There are too many war films and, even worse, too many stories about secret agents, criminals and the police, who shoot people as if they were ( так, как будто)rabbits. Naturally a lot of people don’t want television to show sex, violence and cruelty( жестокость). They say such programmes, if they have to be shown at all, should never be run at prime time ( самое популярное время на ТВ) or any other time when young children can see them. People also criticize bad-taste programmes where rude jokes are made or were people are made to fight over a sum of money forgetting all shame, or programmes spying on people at the most intimate moments of their lives. Such programmes give examples of humiliation [hjuːˌmɪlɪ‘eɪʃ(ə)n] (унижение)and bad taste.

Some TV programmes are politically engaged (заказаны с определенной целью) and present the views and ideas of one group of people instead of presenting different views.

Above all most of TV viewers dislike TV commercials that can spoil the impression (испортить впечатление) of a good programme by interrupting it (прерывать)

Questions

Can we imagine our life without television? Why? Why not?

Why do some families have the television turned on most of the time?

Do people always watch good programmes?

Who do TV programmes cater for nowadays?

Are there any people who get addicted to television?

What kind of programmers do we watch today?

What is prime time?

Are you satisfied with the structure of our television?

What is your attitude to censorship [‘sen(t)səʃɪp]on TV and if it is necessary?

Is there anything in competition with television now?

The printed page

The oldest mass media (средство массовой информации) come from the printed world, and they carry their messages through the sense of sight (зрение) — newspapers, magazines, books. All of them can be referred to (может быть отнесено к)the printed page(печатное издание). Newspapers and magazines are also called as periodicals (периодические издания). They can be published daily, weekly or monthly. The reader turns to ( обращаться к ) the newspapers for the latest news. There we can meet many brief reviews (краткий обзор) of the most notable events (примечательные события). The choice of the newspaper usually depend on the reader’s preferences (предпочтения). There two main types of newspapers : quality papers or broadsheets (солидные газеты) and tabloids (малоформатная газета со сжатым текстом, обычно бульварного содержания) that are half the size of broadsheets. But the size is not the only thing that makes them different. The quality papers produce serious quality journalism (качественный газетный материал), while the tabloids called «popular papers» have more sensational reporting style.

Quality papers contain political, industrial and cultural news, develop pages to finance matters ( финансовые вопросы) and business, have more writing then pictures, report in detail on serious news, and are interested in foreign news. Tabloids contains sensational news about sport, the private lives of famous people, give information about concerts, cinema and theatre performances, report the latest scandals and gossip (сплетни) in the private life of the famous people. There is one more type of press called as “yellow press”. It means a kind of press, which writes not to tell something to his reader but only to be bought by him. That’s why they don’t pay much attention to the truthfulness of that information what they print, just the other way about they try to create something unusual, what is often absolutely wrong and they are doing that with the purpose of compelling (заставить, убедить) reader to buy the newspaper. Any person can subscribe (подписаться) to any periodicals. Today most people prefer to buy periodicals, except journals. Journal is a newspaper or magazine that deals with a particular subject or professional activity e.g. medical journals etc. Specialists of different spheres of science prefer to have them as sources of up-to-date information (новейший).

Some people can’t imagine their life without books. Book for them is still a source of imagination (воображение), inspiration (вдохновение) and information. If you have to make a report or write essay you usually refer to (обращаться к) books. If you do not many books at home you can go to the library. Every school or residential area has its local library. But there are some well-known ones. Each country has its own national library. For example, the US Library of Congress is the largest in the world and has about 90 million items — books, photographs, pieces of music and etc.; National Library in France is one of the oldest in the world; the British library is the national library in the UK; in Moscow there is the Russian State Library which has more than 40 million items in 247 languages. Reading for many people today is still the way of their favourite past time. With internet and periodicals full of informational rubbish, reading a good book is away to relax and have a rest.

Radio, television and internet are also referred to mass media. Where radio carries its message through the sense of sound (слух) and the latter (последний из упомянутых) are audio-visual (восприятие посредством зрения и слуха) sources of information.

Questions

1.What can be referred to “ the printed

page?”

2. What kind of newspapers and genres do you know?

3. What is the difference between a magazine and a journal?

4. Do you subscribe to any newspapers and magazines?

5. What is your attitude to books and reading?

6. What is a library?

7. Do you know any great libraries in the world?

8. What is your favourite “printed page” and why?

9. What else can be referred to Mass Media nowadays?

Science and Technology

What is science? What is technology? These are not easy questions. People don’t often see the difference between them. But they are different though are connected (связаны).

Science studies the physical world. Trying to answer questions about this world of ours scientists ask “what” and “why” questions. “What” questions are usually answered in a rather simple way. For example we have a question: “What” kind of animals live in that pond”? The answer to the question is: “Frogs, fish and reptiles.” “Why” questions are much more difficult, they ask for explanation (требует объяснения).

Technology is the use of science for practical purposes(цели) especially in industry. Technology is also methods and machines that are used in doing things in a science of profession. Technology often asks “how” questions and answers them. Some technologies cannot function without science, but there are many modern technologies that developed from (развиваются из) old technologies without any help of science. It often happened that in history that people made things and after that science tried to explain (объяснять) them. For example, first guns appeared and then ballistics as a science did. During certain (определенный) periods in history innovations in technology have grown so fast that they resulted in industrial revolutions.

The history of technology begins with the use of the stone tools by the earliest humans. The Old Stone age, which began about 2.5 million years ago produced stone tools, use of fire, spears, the bow and arrow and simple oil lamps. The New stone age began about 9,000 BC. Then came the Bronze Age which began about 4,000 BC. The Iron Age, which began about 2,000 BC, was a new technical era [´ɪərə]. The Middle Ages in Europe watermills and windmills brought a revolution to the production of power. From the 15th to the 17th century the period of renaissance [rɪ´neɪsəns](возрождение) spread in Europe. The New World was discovered and explored. The 18th century in Europe was the time of Industrial Revolution which gave rise to the engineering profession. During the 19th and 20th centuries people’s lives have greatly changed thanks to science and technology. The 20th century gave many bright scientists in different fields of science (различные области науки). Albert Einstein, Marie Curie, Lev Landau, Bill Gates and others. A lot of new was discovered and invented (открыто и изобретено). The discovery of atom, the invention of radio, telephone, lather [‘lɑːðə], computer etc. have changed our lives and enabled to go into space.

But the age of space exploration (исследование космоса) began long ago. Galileo made the first optical telescope used for astronomy in 1609. Later scientists got a lot more information about the solar system (солнечная система)and its planets with the help of interplanetary probes, space capsules that carry special equipment and send information back to Earth. There is a rivalry(соперничество) between The USA and Russia in the exploration of space because each of the country has its own space programme. The more successful the programme is the more developed and powerful the country is considered to be. The first satellites, first flight around the Earth, then launching on (запуск) the Moon and two space stations, these are achievements (достижения) of both countries. Future stations on the Moon and the flight to Mars are plans for future.

Building of Metro is also one of the breakthroughs (прорывы) in the technologies of mankind (человечество). London was the first city which got the underground. Now major cities all over the world have copied this type of city transit engineering.

Moscow metro is one of the most beautiful. The first line was opened in the thirties of the 20th century. It ran through the city centre and had just ten stations. Now the underground has more than 180 stations and the length of the railway line is about 300 km.

Questions

What is the difference between Science and Technology?

Can technology function without science?

Enumerate the main periods of development of technology?

What is the difference between discovery and invention?

What are the main inventions and discoveries which have changed the world and name the people who did it?

When did the age of space exploration begin and what the main stages are?

Why is there a rivalry between The USA and Russia in the exploration of space?

Why do people built metro?

What do you know about Moscow Metro?



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See also:
Яндекс.Метрика